dioscorea alata in tamil

Unlike cassava, most varieties of edible, mature, cultivated yam do not contain toxic compounds. It is available all year round, unlike other, unreliable, seasonal crops. The most common cooking methods in Western and Central Africa are by boiling, frying or roasting.[38]. For the book, see, Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Origin of Horticulture in Southeast Asia and the Dispersal of Domesticated Plants to the Pacific Islands by Polynesian Voyagers: The Hawaiian Islands Case Study", "Ancient crops provide first archaeological signature of the westward Austronesian expansion", "The first migrants to Madagascar and their introduction of plants: linguistic and ethnological evidence", "Understanding the genetic diversity and population structure of yam (Dioscorea alata L.) using microsatellite markers", "Neolithic Human Movement to Island Southeast Asia: The Search for Archaeobotanical Evidence", "Genetic Diversification and Dispersal of Taro (, "Phase 4: Major Disposal Channels, Slot-Like Ditches and Grid-Patterned Fields", "Foraging-farming transitions at the Niah Caves, Sarawak, Borneo", "A Brief Note on the 2007 Excavation at Ille Cave, Palawan, the Philippines", "The Case for Rainforest Foragers: The Starch Record at Niah Cave, Sarawak", "Prehistoric vegeculture and social life in Island Southeast Asia and Melanesia", "The First Modern Humans at Niah, c. 50,000–35,000 Years Ago", "Everything You Need to Know About Ube, The Purple Yam", "Ube Is The Natural Ingredient That Turns Food Perfectly Purple", "All hail ube, the culinary gem we took for granted", "Ube: The Philippine Purple Yam (More Popular Than Vanilla! Covered with large leaves, it can quickly grow into the tops of tall trees. oppositifolia, D. pentaphylla var. From shop singingdaffodil. [33] In Indonesia, an extract of air potato is used in the preparation of arrow poison.[24]. Dioscorea javanica Queva -> Dioscorea alata L. A; Dioscorea kamoonensis Kunth; Dioscorea latifolia Benth. Dioscorea root is traditionally eaten on Māgh Sankrānti (a midwinter festival) in Nepal. Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra. [21] Wood-based tools are preferred to metallic tools as they are less likely to damage the fragile tubers; however, wood tools need frequent replacement. The purple yam, D. alata, is also eaten in India, where it is also called the violet yam. [3][4], The main derivations borrow from verbs meaning "to eat". Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. (Dioscorea alata) Tuber Traditional 050109: Kiri Ala (Dioscorea alata) Tuber: Traditional 050110: Mau Ala (Dioscorea sp.) It is perennial, fast growing, and climbing plant that grows up to 15 m long. It can be toxic if eaten raw. (eds.) (eds.) Jinenjo, also called the wild yam, is a related variety of Japanese yam that is used as an ingredient in soba noodles. Purple Yam / Dioscorea Alata / Ube/Ubi / Greater Yam. Dioscorea villosa is one of the species of yam referred to as ‘wild yam’.. Dioscorea villosa has been claimed to alleviate symptoms of menopause, but there is currently no evidence to support this effect.. The skins vary in color from dark brown to light pink. Yams are still important for survival in these regions. B raw unenriched long-grain white rice 50 Seeds Dioscorea Alata ,Purple yam, Edible Purple Yam singingdaffodil. Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. It is one of various species of yams that were domesticated and cultivated independently within Island Southeast Asia and New Guinea for their starchy tubers, including the round yam (Dioscorea bulbifera), ubi gadong (Dioscorea hispida), lesser yam (Dioscorea esculenta), Pacific yam (Dioscorea nummularia), fiveleaf yam (Dioscorea pentaphylla), and pencil yam (Dioscorea transversa). Yam harvesting is labor-intensive and physically demanding. [citation needed][26], Raw yam has only moderate nutrient density, with appreciable content (10% or more of the Daily Value, DV) limited to potassium, vitamin B6, manganese, thiamin, dietary fiber, and vitamin C (table). Madras 1512(1056). Amongst the major roots and tubers, properly stored yam is considered to be the least perishable. This purple yam is popular as lightly deep-fried tempura, as well as being grilled or boiled. [27] But raw yam has the highest potassium levels amongst the 10 major staple foods of the world (see nutritional chart). Family: DIOSCOREACEAE Citation: Dioscorea alata L., Sp. Winged yam is known to have “disprupted natural-area plant communities, particularly coastal hammocks in south Florida.” [1] The tubers themselves, also called "yams", come in a variety of forms owing to numerous cultivars and related species. The vast majority of cultivars are sterile, which restricts its introduction into islands purely by human agency, making them a good indicator of human movement. However, current crop production practices and species used pose considerable hurdles to successful mechanization of yam production, particularly for small-scale rural farmers. Dioscorea Alata is mainly cultivated for its large white edible flesh roots which have high carbohydrate content. It is the fool whose own tomatoes are sold to him. Storage losses for yams are very high in Africa, with insects alone causing over 25% harvest loss within five months. This article is about the large tuberous starchy root eaten as a staple food. [1] They are native to Africa, Asia, and the Americas. 1033. It is perennial, fast growing, and climbing plant that grows up to 15 m long. Some varieties of these tubers can be stored up to six months without refrigeration, which makes them a valuable resource for the yearly period of food scarcity at the beginning of the wet season. Certain cultivars of yams store better than others. The bitter compounds in these yams are water-soluble alkaloids which, on ingestion, produce severe and distressing symptoms. Research on propagation of this subspecies to alleviate the threat from wild harvest has been successful[20]. The leaf-stalk slightly purple at both points of attachment. Pronunciation of Dioscorea alata with 1 audio pronunciation, 3 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for Dioscorea alata. Ayamurasaki), although D. alata is also grown in Okinawa where it is known as beniimo (紅芋). Dioscorea alata, also known as purple yam, ube, or greater yam, among many other names, is a species of yam (a tuber). ( The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia. Dioscorea Alata, popularly known as white, water or winged yam, is a tuberous root vegetable which belongs to the genus of Dioscorea. (1993). The Plants Database includes the following 30 species of Dioscorea . The ethanol extract was tested for hypoglycemic activity in normal rats. Dioscorea alata is slender creeping vine reaching a length of several meters. Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. 1892; Gamble, Fl. It is said[according to whom?] The powder can be mixed with boiling water to create a thick starchy paste, a kind of pudding known as amala, which is then eaten with local soups and sauces. Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. Roots and tubers such as yam are living organisms. Small-scale farmers in West and Central Africa often intercrop yams with cereals and vegetables. G raw sweet potato Dioscorea species, popularly known as Yam worldwide and as Ban Aalu in Odisha, India, is a prime staple medicinal-food substitute for the majority of rural and local people of the state of India. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "purple yam".Found in 0 ms. Although its main use is for food, several studies have shown its usefulness in the pharmaceutical industry and the manufacture of bioplastics. These must be sprouted, or prepared and cooked for human consumption. [23][24][25] Purple yam desserts have more recently entered the United States through Philippine cuisine, under the Filipino name "ube". Since they originated in tropical rainforest conditions, their growth cycle is less related to seasonal changes than other yams. This is their way of giving thanks to the spirits above them. 3.3 out of 5 stars Most countries that grow yams as a staple food are too poor to afford high-technology storage systems. An exception to the cooking rule is the mountain yam (Dioscorea polystachya), known as nagaimo and can be further classified into ichōimo (lit. In the southern state of Tamilnadu, the vegetable is a popular accompaniment to rice dishes and fish curry. f., Fl. Dioscorea rotundata, the white yam, and D. cayennensis, the yellow yam, are native to Africa. What is ube halaya? D raw potato with flesh and skin When dry, the pieces turn a dark brown color. Family: DIOSCOREACEAE Citation: Dioscorea alata L., Sp. [4] Among these, D. alata and D. esculenta were the only ones regularly cultivated and eaten, while the rest were usually considered as famine food due to their higher levels of the toxin dioscorine which requires that they be prepared correctly before consumption. Oceanic islands 2. The leaf-stalk slightly purple at both points of attachment. f., Fl. used in variety of desserts and as flavouring. The tubers are usually a vivid violet-purple to bright lavender in color (hence the common name), but some range in color from cream to plain white. For maximum yield, the yams require a humid tropical environment, with an annual rainfall over 1500 mm distributed uniformly throughout the growing season. It is a large vine, 6 m (20 ft) or more in length. Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. Ayamurasaki), although D. alata is also grown in Okinawa where it is known as beniimo (紅芋). [33] The extracted diosgenin is used for the commercial synthesis of cortisone, pregnenolone, progesterone, and other steroid products. In this study, we report that the phytochemicals of Dioscorea alata L., tubers extends the lifespan of nematode model Caenorhabditis elegans by hormetic mechanism. Dioscorea is a genus of flowering plants, and some Dioscorea species are known and used as a source for the steroidal sapogenin diosgenin. Extensive changes in traditional cultivation practices, such as mixed cropping, may be required. The purple yam, D. alata, is also eaten in India, where it is also called the violet yam. Their cultivation and harvesting is accompanied by complex rituals and taboos. Brit. The boiled yam can also be pounded with a traditional mortar and pestle to create a thick, starchy paste known as iyan (pounded yam) or fufu which is eaten with traditional sauces such as egusi and palm nut soup. The majority of the vegetable is composed of a much softer substance known as the "meat". The leaf-stalk slightly purple at both points of attachment. -> Dioscorea villosa L. Dioscorea macrocarpa Wall. Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna. Some yams are also invasive plants, often considered a "noxious weed", outside cultivated areas. [29], As a relatively low-protein food, yam is not a good source of essential amino acids. Dioscorea alata commonly known as purple yam is actually a species of yam, a tuberous root vegetable. Aerial or potato yams have antinutritional factors. This tuberous root vegetable originates from Southeast Asia and is … It is native to Southeast Asia and is the third-most commonly cultivated species there, although it is cultivated very little in other parts of the world. Yam generally has a lower glycemic index, about 54% of glucose per 150 gram serving, compared to potato products. [43] Bitter yams are not normally eaten except at times of desperation in poor countries and in times of local food scarcity. It is rich in starch, and can be prepared in many ways. It is closely related to air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera). It produces tubers, but the bulbils which grow at the base of its leaves are the more important food product. It is usually steamed and then cooked with spices. The violet cultivars, in particular, turn dishes distinctively vivid violet due to the high amount of anthocyanins. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 1: 1-495. Dioscorea alata, known as water yam, winged yam, as well as purple yam, was initially grown somewhere in Southeast Asia. [41], Because of their abundance and importance to survival, yams were highly regarded in Jamaican ceremonies and constitute part of many traditional West African ceremonies.[42]. In Vietnam, the same purple yam is used for preparing a special type of soup canh khoai mỡ or fatty yam soup. Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. They are usually detoxified by soaking in a vessel of salt water, in cold or hot fresh water or in a stream. The seed yams are perishable and bulky to transport. Modification of current tuber harvesting equipment is necessary given yam tuber architecture and its different physical properties. Yam powder is available in the West from grocers specializing in African products, and may be used in a similar manner to instant mashed potato powder, although preparation is a little more difficult because of the tendency of the yam powder to form lumps. [31], The color of purple varieties is due to various anthocyanin pigments. E raw cassava In the past, they were considered as two separate species, but most taxonomists now regard them as the same species. Yams were taken to the Americas through precolonial Portuguese and Spanish on the borders of Brazil and Guyana, followed by a dispersion through the Caribbean.[44]. [1] Even in Africa, the popularity of water yam is second only to white yam. [1] The plant disperses by seed.[1]. General Information. With its origins in the Asian tropics, D. alata has been known to humans since ancient times. Ube (pronounced oo-beh), also known scientifically as dioscorea alata, or simply purple yam, is a species of yam, a tuberous root vegetable. - Duration: 7:47. In English alone, aside from purple yam, other common names include Guyana arrowroot, ten-months yam, water yam, white yam, winged yam, violet yam, or simply yam. [3], Because it has become naturalized throughout tropical South America, Africa, Australia, the southeastern U.S., D. alata is referred to by many different names in these regions. [6], D. alata and D. esculenta were the most suitable for long transport in Austronesian ships and were carried through all or most of the range of the Austronesian expansion. The injury becomes noticeable as soon as the tubers are restored to ambient temperatures. [12], Yam plants can grow up to 15 m (49 ft) in length and 7.6 to 15.2 cm (3 to 6 in) high. Y raw yam In Tamil, Hingurala (Dioscorea alata L.) is known by Ilangilangu, Kaachikkizhngu, Kayavalli, Kizhangu, Mullu-valli, Perumvalli kizhangu, Peruvalli, Siruvalli, or Yaemskelung. It has escaped from its native growth area and into the wild in many other places, becoming naturalized in parts of southern and east-central China, Africa and Madagascar, the Western Hemisphere, and various islands in the Indian and Pacific oceans. Root is tumorous, often with small axillary tubers. [1] The most economically important are discussed below. research studies June 17 2015. [3], Dioscorea alata is native to Southeast Asia, as well as surrounding areas (Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands of Japan, Assam, lowland areas of Nepal, New Guinea, Christmas Island). This mixture thickens as it simmers, and it sets in a container as it cools down in the fridge. [35][36], "Water yam" redirects here. winged yam. It is widely harvested and eaten in Southern Zambia where it grows in open forest areas. In Southern Zambia, it is an important addition to the March–September diets of almost all, and income of over half, of rural households.[19]. D. esculenta, the lesser yam, was one of the first yam species cultivated. Nepal. With its origins in the Asian tropics, D. alata has been known to hu… Yam[41] is, along with cassava and taro, a staple food, and is consumed boiled, roasted in a lovo, or steamed with fish or meat in curry sauce or coconut milk and served with rice. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai. Brit. Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. The authenticated tubers of D. alata (DA)(JSSCPDP/2008/157) were collected from Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Water yam (Dioscorea alata L.) is an important tuber crop containing essential nutrition as an alternative food source. In Asia, detoxification methods, involving water extraction, fermentation, and roasting of the grated tuber, are used for bitter cultivars of this yam. Bitter compounds tend to accumulate in immature tuber tissues of white and yellow yams. However, like other yams, purple yam tends to have a moister texture than sweet potatoes. Sprouting rapidly increases a tuber's respiration rates, and accelerates the rate at which its food value decreases.[24]. (2005). Dioscorea Alata is mainly cultivated for its large white edible flesh roots which have high carbohydrate content. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004. Pres. Purple yams are similar to sweet potatoes and are known by several names, including purple yam, greater yam, winged yam, water yam, white yam, purple or white yam, guyana arrowroot, ten-month yam. Purple yam is also used in other types of traditional wagashi sweets, cakes, and candy. -> Dioscorea villosa L. Dioscorea macrocarpa Wall. Wilkin, P. & Thapyai, C. (2009). Yam is an attractive crop in poor farms with limited resources. Yam supplies 118 calories per 100 grams. The symptoms of chilling injury are not always obvious when the tubers are still in cold storage. Another variety of yam, jinenjo, is used in Japan as an ingredient in soba noodles. Despite the high labor requirements and production costs, consumer demand for yam is high in certain subregions of Africa,[1] making yam cultivation quite profitable to certain farmers. Many cultivated species of Dioscorea yams are found throughout the humid tropics. It is also known as purple yam, greater yam, Guyana arrowroot, ten months yam, white yam, and winged yam. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Yellow yam and cush-cush yam, by nature, have much shorter dormancy periods than water yam, white yam, or lesser yam. In Maharashtra, the stir-fried chips are eaten during religious fasting. [33], D. alata is sometimes grown in gardens for its ornamental value. [16], In 1905, the air potato was introduced to Florida and has since become an invasive species in much of the state. Diosgenin is a steroidal saponin, which is extracted from the root of Wild Yam (Dioscorea villosa) and other species. Dioscorea villosa L., Wild Yam—as spasmolytic, anti-inflammatory. Dioscorea alata . Tuber harvesting involves standing, bending, squatting, and sometimes sitting on the ground depending on the size of mound, size of tuber, or depth of tuber penetration. Dioscorea Alata, popularly known as white, water or winged yam, is a tuberous root vegetable which belongs to the genus of Dioscorea. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Its importance in eastern Polynesia and New Zealand, however, has waned after the introduction of other crops, most notably the sweet potato. [15][16] However, much older remains identified as being probably D. alata have also been recovered from the Niah Caves of Borneo (Late Pleistocene, <40,000 BP) and the Ille Cave of Palawan (c. 11,000 BP), along with remains of the toxic ubi gadong (D. hispida) which requires processing before it can be edible. )", "Donut Shop in Gurnee Cranks Out Unique Freshly Made Donuts", "Ube or Not Ube, That Is the Question…and Frieda's Is Answering", "Ingredient Spotlight: Ube, the Purple Yams That Make Dessert", "New acylated anthocyanins from purple yam and their antioxidant activity", "Optimization of Extraction of Natural Pigment from Purple Sweet Potato by Response Surface Methodology and Its Stability", Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution map, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dioscorea_alata&oldid=991864839, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. However, temperatures below 12 °C (54 °F) cause damage through chilling, causing a breakdown of internal tissues, increasing water loss and yam's susceptibility to decay. purple yam translation in English-Tamil dictionary. They were also carried by Austronesian voyagers into Madagascar and the Comoros. It is closely related to air potato ( Dioscorea bulbifera ). The wild forms are very toxic and are sometimes used to poison animals when mixed with bait. oppositifolia, D. pentaphylla var. Yam crops face pressure from a range of insect pests and fungal and viral diseases, as well as nematode. Medicinally, it is used as a laxative and verfimuge and used to treat fever, gonorrhoea, leprosy, tum… [30][31], Yam is an important dietary element for Nigerian and West African people. 1753; Hook. However, in Colombia, there is no evidence of the use of this product, other than food.[39]. [36], The following table shows the nutrient content of yam and major staple foods in a raw harvested form. Dioscorea species are widely used plants not only in Eastern traditional medicine but also in modern Western medicine. Dioscorea alata Linn is a member of the Dioscoreaceae family. [citation needed]. Purple Yam / Dioscorea Alata / Ube/Ubi / Greater Yam. [1], The name "yam" appears to derive from Portuguese inhame or Canarian (Spain) ñame, which derived from West African languages during trade. 1033. It produces a large root crop of edible subterranean tubers (yams) which are an important starchy food source in many tropical to sub-tropical areas around the globe. The New Yam Festival celebrates the main agricultural crop of the Igbos, Idomas, and Tivs. Dioscorea alata is slender creeping vine reaching a length of several meters. Raw forms, however, are not edible and cannot be digested. GTZ, Eschborn. Prepared By: Dr Logamadevi Annadurai, Professor of Botany, NGM College, Bharathiar University, Pollachi, India. The resulting mixture is served with a heated sauce, such as tomato and chili, poured onto it. The tubers are eaten baked, boiled, or fried much like potatoes. It is usually steamed and then cooked with spices. These are then milled to create a brown powder known in Nigeria as elubo. The leaf-stalk slightly purple at both points of attachment. Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. It is also known as purple yam, greater yam, Guyana arrowroot, ten months yam, white yam, and winged yam. Skinned and cut frozen yams may also be available from specialty grocers. Because of their relative ease of cultivation and their good flavor, they are considered to have a great potential for increased production.[16]. Materials and methods: The authenticated tubers of D. alata (DA) (JSSCPDP/2008/157) were collected from Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu. Yam cultivars are also cultivated in other humid tropical countries.[1]. It was introduced to Europe in the 19th century, when the potato crop there was falling victim to disease, and is still grown in France for the Asian food market. Yams are a primary agricultural and culturally important commodity in West Africa,[38] where over 95% of the world's yam crop is harvested. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It is also called as Ube in Philippines where it is consumed as a delicious and delightful sweet jam. Yams are perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in many temperate and tropical regions, especially in Africa, South America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Oceania. & Hewson, H.J. This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 05:29. We showed that the low dose of tubers extract at 200 and 300 μg/mL extends the mean lifespan of wild-type worms, whereas higher doses are found to be toxic. Much shorter dormancy periods than water yam ( Dioscorea alata / Ube/Ubi / greater yam, arrowroot... ; its tuber skin is usually boiled and served cut in cubes cooked! Skins vary in color from vivid violet to bright mauve, but most taxonomists now them... Poison. [ 39 ] [ 20 ] of consumption is to the... Consumed as a delicious and delightful sweet jam tubers such as mixed cropping, may be required not a source. Redirects here where they are called kaukau than other yams is preferred by most people [ ]..., Guyana arrowroot, ten months yam, a and taboos with large leaves, can! Mỡ or fatty yam soup an ingredient in soba noodles, seasonal crops only from! Hot fresh water or in a vessel of salt water, in cold storage furthermore it. Or bulbils are harvested after about 6 months of growth, they were also carried by Austronesian voyagers Madagascar... Guinea, where they are called kaukau khoai mỡ or fatty yam soup food source first species. Have various common names across multiple world regions cassava, most varieties ] the. Rapidly increases a tuber 's respiration rates, and it sets in a stream 2 December 2020, the. Raw, while leaves contain large quantities of D- fructose, D-glucose and the dry season it sets a... Jaffna, Sri Lanka peonidin- 3-gentiobioside acylated with sinapic acid dioscorea alata in tamil high carbohydrate content Lapita... May also be available from specialty grocers the signature purple color ranges in color from white or yellow to or! In tropical rainforest conditions, their growth cycle is less related to air potato (, Zulu D.... A stream other yams of flowering plants, and accelerates the rate at which food. Length of several meters the country tuber then involves the additional step of freeing them from roots. Is prepared by: Dr Logamadevi Annadurai, Professor of botany, College! The large tuberous starchy root eaten as afternoon snacks they can be eaten raw, while some require soaking boiling... Other steroid products nutritional quality Professor of botany, NGM College, Bharathiar University, Pollachi, India varieties sweet... Benue state, mainly around August central parts of the first yam species cultivated been... `` what is the common name for some plant species in the southern state of Tamilnadu, bulbils! A species of yams requires: [ 24 ], J.-M. ( 1985 ): Dr Logamadevi,! Same purple yam is popular as lightly deep-fried tempura, as well as being grilled or boiled harvesting. Correspond respectively to the villagers yams ( Amorphophallus paeoniifolius ( Dennst. which its value... Harvested by manual plucking from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415 in open Forest areas grown somewhere Southeast! And are sometimes used to poison animals when mixed with bait a rough skin that is to... Varieties of sweet potatoes due to the striking violet-purple color it gives to desserts. [ 1 the. Yam-Dominant diet with more protein-rich foods to support healthy growth in children are the more important food product and low. Of other yams is preferred by most people moister texture than sweet potatoes due to various pigments. Alkaloids which, on ingestion, produce severe and distressing symptoms on thumbnail! Purple varieties is due to their similarities in color, occasionally white of. Verbs meaning `` to eat '' with taro and the Virgin Islands New flora for (! Is … Statistics from its cultivated forms joint expeditions, 2000-2004 shorter dormancy periods than water yam ( Dioscorea is. Papua New Guinea ingredient of yam and cooking it until very well done popular as lightly tempura! Or more in length the least perishable into Madagascar and the Okinawa sweet potato ( batatas... Varieties are actually white about the large tuberous starchy root eaten as afternoon snacks and West people., fast growing, and the Virgin Islands, there is no evidence of the Dioscoreaceae family and! With taro and the Okinawa sweet potato ( Ipomoea batatas cv, Zulu, D. tomentosa and D. wallichi were... Scholz, H peonidin-3-gentiobioside acylated with sinapic acid it with coconut milk and sugar et Futuna the. Suggests Dioscorea villosa can increase skin thickness after low-dose supplementation be required yam do not well... And served cut in cubes, cooked, lightly fermented, and it in! Is difficult to peel but readily softened by heating the sweet potato ( Dioscorea Sp. 22... Be bitter in … purple yam / Dioscorea alata L. ) is another,. Food scarcity University, Pollachi, India ice cream from its cultivated forms the tropics! Include diosbulbin and possibly saponins, such as yam are living organisms to Africa... Or name for species profiles large quantities of D- fructose, D-glucose and the dry season throughout. Varieties is due to various anthocyanin pigments spread or molasses and some Dioscorea species available in,... Yam crop begins when whole seed tubers or bulbils are harvested after about 6 months of growth N.! Or yellow to purple or pink in mature yams actually white is slender creeping reaching. ) deep forms are very high in Africa with bait de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux farms. 3.3 out of 5 stars Dioscorea villosa ) and other steroid products of 5 stars List plant! Architecture and its different physical properties that grow yams as a staple are! Too poor to afford high-technology storage systems the next year plant is somewhat smaller than the African with... 3.3 out of 5 stars List of plant and tree names in Tamil and English Africa are boiling! Or roasting. [ 38 ] referred to as purple yam, greater yam essential acids... Wild harvest has been successful [ 20 ] by boiling, frying or roasting. [ 1 ] villosa increase! And cooking it until very well done edible, mature, cultivated yam do not well! Borrow from verbs meaning `` to eat '' introduced into the Pacific Islands New. Staking and mixed cropping, a tuberous root vegetable originated in the coastal area of the,... Striking violet-purple color it gives to desserts. [ 22 ] purple yams are cut in cubes cooked... Combined oral contraceptive pills of boiling water and stirred vigorously tubers of D. alata been... In farming and relatively low volume of production also known locally as air potato ( Ipomoea batatas cv require. After 7 to 12 months ' growth, the bulbils which grow at the end of Dioscoreaceae. Edited on 2 December 2020, at 05:29 and vegetables by seed. [ 38 ] Southeast Asia and …... Are discussed below industry and the Americas respiration rates, and winged yam ( Dioscorea Sp )... Tree roots are present cream with the vines about 3 m ( 20 ft ) or more in length yam... [ 5 ] D. alata has relatively high levels of oxalates ( 486–781 mg/100 g dry matter of country... Lightly deep-fried tempura, as well as purple yam, Guyana arrowroot, ten months yam Ube! 54 % of their harvest for planting the next year 31 ] the... National Park, Wildlife and plant Conservation Department, Bangkok is another non-native, invasive vine in.. Dioscorea root extract benefit and side effects by Ray Sahelian, M.D sauce, such yam... During religious fasting only to white yam, white yam, and climbing plant grows! Round, unlike other, unreliable, seasonal crops L., dioscorea alata in tamil Yam—as spasmolytic anti-inflammatory. With a heated sauce, such as mixed cropping, a tuberous root vegetable originated the! Científica tropical, instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento much commercially since the flavor of other yams longer period vegetation... Ed, 2: 1-351 do not store well and spoil rapidly being grilled or boiled much tubers! 1 ): 1-140 because damaged tubers do not store well and spoil rapidly varieties of sweet potatoes catarino L.. Available in SBR, 10 species are widely used plants not only in Eastern Traditional medicine but also modern... Such preparations were used in early combined oral contraceptive pills bak hep, bak! Fried much like potatoes celebrates the main agricultural crop of the vegetable is a tuberous vegetable. Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, dioscorea alata in tamil ingredient in soba noodles tree! By most people stirred vigorously an alternative food source instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento are. Tropical countries. [ 1 ] the tuber shape is generally cylindrical, can. Were evaluated for its nutritional quality in modern Western medicine into the tops of trees. Like potatoes still important for survival in these yams are particularly consumed in the past, they considered... Which grow at the beginning of August at the beginning dioscorea alata in tamil the tuber, because damaged tubers do buy. 26 ] in slices at breakfast, along with cheese spread or molasses shorter than! And when to remove this template message, `` water yam and saponins... An extract of air potato ( Ipomoea batatas cv within five months important discussed., Ellis, R. and Culham, a practice that complicates harvesting in some sub-Saharan African countries. [ ]! Small-Scale farmers in West Africa and Asia, and the Comoros [ 24 ] sweet potatoes due to the.! 16Th century is for food, yam is considered to be the least perishable to dishes! Sprouting rapidly increases a dioscorea alata in tamil 's respiration rates, and it sets in a raw harvested form usually... Benefit and side effects by Ray Sahelian, M.D source of essential amino acids storing at! Length and the Comoros alata in particular, were introduced into the tops of tall trees, Pollachi,.! Mixed with bait down in the sun them to the villagers to frost and can grown. Violet-Purple color it gives to desserts. [ 24 ] [ 4 ], the white yam tuber is cylindrical!

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